Pro Bono: LCCRSF Report on the Role of Race in Non-Traffic Citations

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Cornerstone Research provided pro bono analytical support for the LCCRSF’s report on racial disparities in non-traffic infractions.

The Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights of San Francisco (LCCRSF) published a report that assesses how non-traffic citations, such as loitering or jaywalking, are distributed with respect to demographics and geography. The report shows that police across California assign Black, Latinx, and unhoused people a disproportionate number of non-traffic citations. In support of LCCRSF’s report, Cornerstone Research analyzed data on non-traffic police citations in California.

The report shows that police across California assign Black, Latinx, and unhoused people a disproportionate number of non-traffic citations.

We partnered with LCCRSF to compile a unique dataset of non-traffic citations from various cities and counties, obtained from police departments through public record requests, alongside other public data. We produced several charts, tables, and descriptive statistics, including.

  • The frequency of non-traffic citations in each location
  • The demographic distributions of non-traffic citations in each location
  • Felony and misdemeanor rates in California

Our analyses are featured in LCCRSF’s report, “Cited for Being in Plain Sight: How California Polices Being Black, Brown and Unhoused in Public.” By comparing the non-traffic citation demographic breakdowns to the overall demographics in each city and county, the report demonstrates the racial and socioeconomic disparities in non-traffic citations across California. LCCRSF discusses its findings in detail and provides recommendations to reform California’s policing and justice system in the report.


For more information on this pro bono case, contact Matt Lynde.